THE ATLAH – TALAS BATTLE (THE 1270TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BATTLE)
(Ұлы жеңіске 1270 жыл толуына орай)
Бұл мақалада «Атлах-Талас» шайқасы туралы әлем
тарихшыларының зерттеулеріндегі басты жаңалықтары жөніндегі
ғылыми көзқарастары талқыланады. Сонымен қатар, бұрынғы және
бүгінгі тарихшылар мен саясаттанушылардың (саясатшылардың)
ұлы хандық шовинизмі мен геноцидтік қатерінің Орталық Азиядағы
туысқан түркі халықтары тәуелсіздігі мен аумақтық тұтастығына
төндіріп отырған қауіп-қатерін әшкерелеп, айыптау материалдары
Кілт сөздер: Атлах-Талас, хандық шовинизм, Орталық Азия, түркі
1270 years ago, in July 751, a fierce and bloody battle took place
near the small Atlah castle close to Talas city. This battle fundamentally
changed the destiny and future of Asia and the Kazakh land. Researchers
sometimes refer to call it as the Battle of Talas or Battle of Atlah. Taking into
account the scale of the battlefield and the characteristics of the activities
of the participants on both sides, we think it is more appropriate to call this
catastrophic battle the “Atlah-Talas Battle”. Unfortunately, in our country’s
history textbooks, there are not enough descriptions and records about
this very important historical event that happened in our country.
First of all, let us look at the relevant historical records for “Atlah”. In
the 6th to 12th centuries, Atlah was one of the most famous Turkesh cities
established along the Talas and Chu rivers. Academician Alkey Margulan
referred to Atlah as Otlyh “. in his book. The Arab historian Al-Maqdisi
wrote in 985: “Atlah is a large city, surrounded by a high wall. It has many
gardens and vineyards. The mosque is in the center and the market is in
Rabat (in the city). Suburbs) “”. Mahmut Kashkary also referred to Atlah
as Otlyk. “Otlyk” in Kazakh means grassy and lush grassland. He wrote,
“Otlyk is a small city by the Talas River”“. The Russian historian A. N.
Bernstam made some clarifications based on the archaeological evidence
he found, and said: “The site of Atlah is located in Juan tobe near Taraz
city. Its site covers an area of 280/140 meters.” “.
So, what kind of battle was the Atlas – Talas battle? How many soldiers
from which countries participated in the battle? During the first four days
of the battle, Karluk and Turkesh soldiers, who were allied forces of the
Tang Empire, on the fifth day, why they turned to the Arab army. How many
Chinese soldiers were killed and how many soldiers were captured? Did
Turkesh soldiers participate in this battle? If they are in the war, which side
will they were on? After the war, what changes occurred in the geopolitical
landscape? What is the historical significance of this battle? Around these
issues, historians have put forth many different views and opinions. In
response to these problems, Chinese historians and sociologists have
always shown a radical and incorrect view full of imperial consciousness
and power consciousness. For these belligerent views, I will make a strong
response and refutation based on facts at the end of the article.
First, we need to briefly describe the geopolitical and military situations
of this region before the Atlah-Talas battle. In the middle of the eighth
century, or to be precise, in 750 AD, the long-term Arab caliphate infighting
ended. The so-called “black” Abbasid dynasty achieved full victory and
began to pay attentions to the Central Asian region that they had “no
time to control” before. Prior to this, the army of the Tang Empire invaded
Tibet and East Turkistan, as well as the Turkesh region, which had
been weakened by long-term internal fighting, and won many victories.
The army of the Tang Empire that invaded the Seven Rivers Basin and
Morenal posed a direct threat to the Arab Caliphate’s rule in this area.
Xue Zongjing, a Chinese historian who has conducted a comprehensive
study of this period of history, analyzed the conflict of interest between
the two empires and concluded: “The power struggle in the region has
evolved into an armed conflict. The tight and loose political infiltration of
the century, the final point of contention has changed from the former “.
Amu Darya River as the border of the Tangri Khanate to the Talas Valley
near Suyab. We should admit that these descriptions of his are full of
corroboration. “. The geopolitical situation of Central Asia before the
Talas Battle can be divided into the following historical stages.
- In 737, after the assassination of Suluk Khan, the ruler of the Turkish
Khanate, the ten-year dispute between Dulat and Nushbe, the five khanates
that formed the khanate, caused the khanate to completely decline. The
Turkesh people began to be ruled by a puppet regime appointed by the
- In 744, during the last civil war between Turks for the throne, the
Uyghurs hit the Yagma and Karluk hard, and the defeated Yagma and
Karluk began to flee to Junggar, Turpan and the 7 river Basin. Due to
the weakening of the civil war and the repeated blows of the Tang
Empire, the Turkesh people could not resist. At this time, the Tang Empire
began to support the Karluk people as much as possible. It wanted to
suppress other Turkesh people through the Karluk people and prevent the
expansion of the Arab Caliphate in the region. The Tang Empire seemed to
have achieved its goal. When the arrogant Chinese general GAO Xianzhi
marched towards the powerful army of the Caliphate, he seemed to believe
in the support of this Karluk and Fergana Khan’s powerful army.
- In 750, the year before the Battle of Atlah-Talas, “. General Gao
attacked Toban and Shash (the State of Stone) with a large army, captured
the Khan, and took them to the capital of the Tang Dynasty. At the same
time, another Chinese general occupied the Turkesh capital Suyab,
captured his khan alive, and sent him to the capital of the Tang Dynasty.
One question that researchers may think of is, why did “. General
Gao seize the Shash (Shi Guo) Khan appointed by the Tang Dynasty
himself? Why did the Arabs attack Talas through Fergana, which was allied
with the Tang Empire? This question can be answered like this: Shash
(the State of Stone) was originally under the jurisdiction of the Turkesh
Khanate. Its ruler is Bahadur dutun, a special representative appointed
by the Turkesh Khanate. At the beginning of the period, he also accepted
the appointment of the Tang Empire and gave gifts. However, the Shash
Khan was actually opposed [or some other words need to clarify your
meaning] because on the one hand he is related to the black Turkesh
people who were had been insulted by the Chinese, and on the other
hand because they had accepted the Arab faith and formed an alliance.
The Caliph legalized even his Khan status. General GAO Xianzhi had long
been preparing for revenge against the Shash (Stone Kingdom) Khan who
was in an alliance with the Tang Empire on the surface, but in fact was with
the Arabs. However, General Gao did not launch an offensive immediately.
Instead, using “negotiations” as an excuse, had a “victory without a fight”
captured Shash Khan, betrayed and killed him. The son of Shash Khan
survived and sought help from Arabs and neighboring countries.
According to theOld Tang Book , “he (Shash Khan) colluded with the
Arabs and spread rumors that the Arabs were going to attack the four
towns, so Gao Xianzhi led 20,000 soldiers into the barbarian area and
fought the Arabs in Talas.
At that time, two generals of Tang led troops in from two directions at
the same time. The Tang Dynasty Army is had an excellent unit of special
cavalry and infantry in the ‘Anxi Castle’ “., plus the Fergana and Karluk
cavalry. However, the exact number of them is not clearly stated in the
The leader of the caliph in Horosan, Abu Muslin, quickly quelled the
uprisings in Bukhara and Samarkand, settled in Samarkand, and sent
Ziyad Ybn Salih with his troops to support the troops of Sayid Ybn Humayd
in Talas. OT Bolshakov conducted a special study of the Taras War on the
basis of Al Maqdisi. He confirmed that there was an Arab garrison in Taraz
and Atlah fortresses, engaged in the restoration of the defense system
and the construction of new walls. “.
These precious records seem to give us a glimmer of hope as to why
the Karluk cavalry stood on the side of the Arabs on the fifth most critical
day of the Atlah-Talas battle.
The Russian historian Mandelstam A. M “. pointed out that “Turkic
people including the Karluk, Chygyl, Shuye and Shumi tribes began to
enter the northern regions of Shash and Fergana as early as the beginning
of the 7th century, and established relationships with the Arabs through
the Sogdy people.” Therefore, it can be said that Turkic people, including
Karluk people, have known Arabs for a long time. In addition, the black
Turkesh and Karluk, who had been bullied by the Tang Dynasty, had the
same fate and soon established an alliance. It is also a historical fact
that the Karluk people established a relationship with the Arabs through
Turkesh people who have blood ties with Shash (the country of stone),
and to have confidence in the growing and powerful Arab army.
The Chinese materials described the composition and strength of the
Arab army as follows: “On the Arab side, it is the Khorasan led by Ziyad,
the large army of the Persian army and the army of the Soviet Union of
Central Asia.” The people of the region have long been shackled by Arabs
and accepted Islam. In addition to cavalry and infantry, the Arab army also
has camel squadrons, spearmen, and fire squads. In terms of weapons,
Arabs dominate. The Tang Dynasty army fought in an unfamiliar place and
had no rear supplies. The original intention was to conduct a retaliatory
war of predation.
In this way, in July 751, the famous Atlah-Talas bloody battle was
staged. According to Chinese records: “The two sides fought for five days.
The Karluks turned to the Arabs and attacked in both directions, exerting
tremendous pressure on the Tang army. Gao Xian’s army was defeated.”
The soldiers of the Tang Dynasty stepped on each other and fled at
night. The roads were narrow and the soldiers were in chaos. Fergana’s
huge army escaped first. The road was crowded with horses and camels,
and soldiers could not walk. A general named Li Si of GAO Xianzhi, holding
a thick stick in his hand, walked forward and cleaned up the bodies of
the soldiers and horses “., clearing the way for General Gao and the
troops.” General Gao and a small group of people arrived in Anxi City
Regarding the heavy blow to the Tang Empire caused by the shameful
defeat of Atlakh-Talas, the Chinese historian Mr. Xu described it as
follows: “Almost all the elite troops in the four towns have disappeared;
Tang army lost prestige and the Tang Empire is in decline.” “. It is
almost impossible to say that General Gao Xianzhi only brought 20,000
Chinese troops into the war with such a major impact on the Tang Empire.
According to Arabic and Chinese materials, historians of different countries
have given different descriptions and explanations on the pattern of the
battle, the number of troops participating and the number of deaths.
- W. Barthold said according to Arabic and Chinese materials: “Gao
Xianzhi led 30,000 soldiers to fight the Arabs. The team was 700 miles
from the beginning to the end. Fight the Arabs near Taraz.” And Ibn al-’Asir
wrote: “China sent 100,000 troops, and the war took place on July 29 in
the 133rd year of Islam (751 AD). The Tang army killed 50,000 people and
captured 20,000 people.” “.
In the first half of the tenth century, al-Mahasin Vua L. Masawi wrote
by Al-Bayhaqi said: “The Tang dynasty army had 70,000 troops and was
completely defeated by the Arabs. Most of them were captured. They also
said that there was a Tang dynasty officer was also wearing a precious ring
when he was captured.” A. T. Malyavkin said: “It is estimated that 50,000
soldiers of the Tang Dynasty were killed and 20,000 were captured. “.
Comparing these data, there is no doubt that forcing the Tang Empire’s
army not only to retreat from the seven river Basin, Chu River, and Amu
river, but also forced to retreat from Central Asia after the Atlah-Talas
Battle, 70,000 to 80,000 lives were lost in the war is an acceptable data.
One of the issues written and discussed by historians from various
countries is the fate of the soldiers of the Tang Dynasty who were captured
alive in this war. “The prisoners spread the art of Chinese papermaking to
Monarena and Arab countries”.
First, we do not care how many troops General Gao led, but we can
know that the elite troops of the “Four Cities Fortress” “. specially
deployed by the Tang Empire to control dependent countries outside the
Great Wall by force were powerful. Among them, there may be special
personnel who make weapons and ammunition. However, we are
skeptical that there were experts who master papermaking technology.
Also, according to Chinese historians, even though the caliph’s army was
much more powerful than the Tang army’s weapons and equipment at the
time, it was also said that the Arabs and Sogeds learned from Chinese
prisoners of war that the technology for making advanced weapons was
even more incompatible. It is common sense. However, prisoners of war
may also be used for various military purposes, and can even be used to
Historical records show that the papermaking history of Central Asia
and Mullana Hill can be traced back to ancient times. Based on Al-Maruzi’s
work, Bolshakov wrote that the paper industry in Samarkand and Fergana
had existed before Islam was introduced. “.
Nevertheless, the statement, “the captured soldiers of the Tang Dynasty
were all skilled craftsmen”, seems incorrect (?) and it is not credible that
they brought new technology to the victor.
In 751, a subordinate of General Gao Xianzhi, named Du Huang, who
was captured in the Atlah-Talas battle, stayed in Talas for a short period
of time before being escorted to Arabia. The prisoners experienced a lot
of suffering and recorded everything they saw and heard. Finally, in 762,
he found an opportunity to return to Eastern China by merchant ship. He
recorded in detail all the events he saw with his own eyes, the conditions
of the country and the land, the economy, and trade routes, and wrote a
memoir entitled Jing Shi Ji . However, he did not mention the story
of Chinese prisoners man-made paper for Arabs, but the memoir does
contain a lot of valuable information about Seven Rivers, Monarena Hill
and Asia Minor.
What is the historical significance of the Atlah – Talas Battle? What
role will it play in our own history? We believe that it is a huge challenge
for historians and sociologists to recognize and evaluate the victory of the
Atlah-Talas battle. 1270 years ago, we achieved a great victory, which had
a decisive influence on the fate of Kazakhstan and Central Asia and the
entire Muslim world. Our proud colleagues also have the responsibility to
remember. Therefore, we want to describe and emphasize the historical
significance of this great victory in this way:
- During the Western Han and Eastern Han dynasties (206-220 BC),
the Chinese who began to expand from the Great Wall of China moved
westward about 10,000 miles (5,000 kilometers) during the 800 years
before the Tang Dynasty (618-907).). The Atlah-Talas Battle in 751 cut off
the bloody expansion of the Chinese forever. In the following 1270 years,
no Chinese with weapons dared to set foot in this sacred land. This is
why we believe that the entire Muslim and Turkic world should pay eternal
respect to the martyrs who lost their lives at the foot of Atlah hills.
- The great victory of the Atlah – Talas battle was the result of the
heroic dedication of the Arab Muslim army and the strong support of the
Karluk and Turkesh people. Next to the rebellious Karluk army, a Turkesh
army has long suffered from the Tang Dynasty’s insults. The blood forged
a steel-like friendship between the Turks and the Arabs, and it was fruitful.
The Turkic people accepted the Islam of Allah early on. As W. W Barthold
said: “Among those who support Islam, the Turks were one of the earliest
peoples. They did not use weapons and succeeded through persuasion.”
This is also a historical fact. Turk people basically accepted Islam in a
peaceful way since 751, understood Islamic culture, and worked hard to
learn and master Islamic culture. On this basis, the Turk world and the
Islamic world have achieved spiritual unity “.. The great figures born in
the Turkic nations, such as Mahmut Kashkari, Yusuf Balasagun, Abu Nasir
Al Farabi, Hodja
Ahmed Yassawi, Ahmed Iugineki and Ibn Sina, have made great
contributions to the development of human civilization.
- Through the realization of a unified spiritual and cultural system, the
Turkic people have become a stable and prosperous new type of country
in the process of achieving national integration. The Karluk Khanate, which
recognized Islam as the state religion, has the right to be recognized as
the first powerful country that united the Kazakh tribe, which gave birth
to the Kipchak and Kazakh Khanates. Our historians Alkei Margulan and
Musatai Akynzhanov clearly stated this in the 1960s.
Let us compare the common understanding of the Atlah-Talas battle
among historians all over the world, as we know with what the so-called
Chinese historian’s understanding dominated by chauvinism in the past
Although many historians agree that the formation of nations and
countries in human history cannot be evaluated by the attitudes and
viewpoints of the current regime, we also know that there are also many
so-called historians who distort facts, beautify and brag about the bloody
acts of aggression by Russia and China’s totalitarianism.
What forced the Chinese to write a large number of books to describe
the Atlah-Talas battle 1270 years ago, and hold various meetings? And why
did our Turkic and Islamic worlds not show any enthusiasm for publicizing
the truth of the Atlah-Talas battle? For this reason, we believe that the
“Atlah-Talas Battle Memorial Event” organized by the Kyrgyz government,
which is our ancestor, is a wise choice based on a correct evaluation of
today’s regional politics.
We are fully aware that not only the entire Turkic and Arab world, but
also the entire human race is being lured and deceived by the Chinese
dragon with its infinite greed and bloodshot eyes, and that this dragon is
becoming a global bloodshed in the 21st century.”An Evil Empire”. The
so-called “clash of civilizations” (Christian-Islamic clash) that Huntington
advanced has become meaningless. This is not a conflict between
civilizations, but a conflict between China and the United States, China
and Russia, and China and Europe. Failure to realize this will miss the
opportunity and lead to even greater disasters. The CCP regime, which
has been pursuing a policy of centralized rule and genocide, published
in its official media last year, “When will Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan be
included in the territory of China? There are nearly 450,000 offspring of Li
Bai in Kazakhstan, tearfully hoping to return to the motherland. “. For this
reason, the government of Kazakhstan was forced to submit a letter of
protest to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
We are not talking in vain about the stories and legends that seem
to be irrelevant to the Atlah-Talas battle in China. The map left by the
Tang Empire (618-907 BC), which was completely driven out of Kazakh
and Uyghur lands 1270 years ago, included a large tract of land from the
Kazakh Seven River Basin and Kyrgyzstan to the Himalayas. This map
has been used as the content of Chinese history textbooks, instilling to
their younger generation that these lands are Chinese territories occupied
by Tsarist Russia, and are actively striving to retake this occupied territory.
This is not enough. In order to conceal the fact that the army of the
Tang Dynasty was defeated at the Atlah – Talas Battle in 751, a history
book was specially written and published in newspapers and magazines,
and various lectures and seminars were held.
This situation has to remind us the famous saying of Academician Gabit
Musirov: “. “History has its creator and its writer. If the creator makes a
mistake, as a writer, you should not try to change it.”
An example of Chinese researcher Wei Kaiwei’s attempt to revise
history is as follows: “In the middle of the eighth century, China reached its
heyday, and the Arab empires that occupied Asia, Africa and Europe even
strong. The two empires met in the Talas region in Central Asia started
a war to determine who the male is and the female. Despite its limited
scale, this war had a profound impact on the future exchanges between
different cultures. The main reasons for the failure of the Tang Empire in
this battle were: fatigue of long-distance marches, insufficient number of
participants, the internal discord and the leaders of the troops did not care
too much about what kind of battle was about to take place, etc.” “.
From these words of the author, we cannot see that there has been a
fair judgment on history and the unjust wars in history. On the contrary,
he attributed the failure of the Tang Empire to five reasons, at the same
time used the betrayal of the Karluk, Turkesh, and Fergana armys as an
excuse, and proudly declared: “The fiasco of the Tang Empire brought 4
Chinese inventions to Central Asia and Arabia”. Wang Xue pointed out in
her note entitled Analysis of the Causes of the Talas War : “Historicists
believe that the 751 Talas Battle against Shi Kingdom was done by Gao
Xianzhi, the army leader of the Tang Empire, the insults did not result
from the military conflicts caused by the expansion of the two empires in
Central Asia as others have said.” “.
Here, I would like to briefly introduce to readers the bloody crusade
against Tashkent (Shiguo) people by General Gao.
Gao Xian’s ancestors were Koreans. After Gao Jun Korea occupied
by the Tang Empire in 668, the Koreans were forcibly emigrated to the
mainland of China, and the upper class who were willing to subdue and
their descendants moved to the capital Chang’an. Gao Xianzhi’s father
first lived in Chang’an, and was later sent to Anxi Fortress as a military
officer. Gao Xianzhi followed his father to participate in many military
activities and received military training. He is handsome, brave and agile,
and won the title of general in his early 20s. In 747, he assumed important
positions in the army and was appointed as the deputy commander of
Anxi, the military leader of the “four-town fortress”. Since then, he has
shown his military abilities in the large and small wars and conflicts in the
occupied territories in western China, and has been appreciated by the
emperor. In a short period, he became the Jiedu Envoy of the Four Towns
of Anxi. He went his own way and almost became a relatively independent
Before the Atlah – Talas battle, Gao Xianzhi led his troops to crusade
against the kingdoms of Toban and Chash (the kingdom of stone), deceived
and captured their sweat, and washed their towns in blood, which we
have described above. Chinese researchers have made three different
descriptions of these bloody events, in an attempt to help to liberate GAO
Xian from this crime.
First, while condemning General Gao’s behavior, he said: “Because
the Khan of the Shash Kingdom (the State of Stone) had no respect to his
official title, General Gao conquered them.” He wanted to cover up the fact
that the powerful side was abusing the weaker side.
Second, this bloody crusade was: “Gao Xian was arrogant and greedy
for money. During the crusade, he killed all the people, young and old,
trapped his king alive, and killed him on the spot. He took away more than
250 kg of gems, five to six camels of (?) gold, famous horses and other
valuables, etc., which he all kept for himself.” “.
Third, the main reason for GAO Xianzhi’s sudden attack on the Atlah
Fortress is that the general heard the prince say: “The Caliphate’s army
tried to organize the small Khanate army occupied by them in the Atlah
Fortress to unite with their own troops to attack the four towns of Anxi.”
In order to preemptively, General Gao launched an assault on the Atlah
Fortress, but in the end, he was betrayed by Karluk and Turkesh and
suffered a crushing defeat by the enemy on both sides. Otherwise… They
The Chinese writer described the bloodshed as “this action is not just
a personal action of the generals, but a part of the Tang Empire’s plan
to prevent the Arabs from expanding”, and wanted to attribute the main
reason to the King of Shash (the State of Stone). The son escaped and
sought help from neighboring countries and Arabs.
Zhu Baoming, a historian at the University Of East China Normal
University, said to General Gao: “his father was a member of the captured
Korean royal family. He grew up in the Hexi Corridor and became famous
in Anxi, and his reputation in the border areas increased greatly. Over the
time, his main rivals changed from Toban people to Arabs… The Talas
Battle was not only a turning point in the life of General Gao Xianzhi,
but also a turning point in the strategic situation of the northwestern Tang
Empire. No matter how you describe and understand this in this battle, the
fundamental fact is that the Arab Muslim army won a complete victory…
This great turning point announced the end of an era and at the same
time the beginning of a new era.
As for how we understand and evaluate this “new era”, we have made
clear explanations in our previous works. Mr. Xue Zhongjing, a contemporary
Chinese red historian, and Wang Shafu, a famous professor at Peking
University, said in response to the political situation of this era: “Here we
want to make a statement about the history of the political relationship
between the Tobans and Arabs in the Tang Dynasty. In the final analysis,
it is the history of the violent policies of these forces in Central Asia in the
mid-seventh and mid-ninth centuries.” Making a seemingly fair evaluation
and adding political overtones, he added: “This is a conceptual definition
that has never been used in our history. “Based on this inference, the Tang
Empire’s border defense activities in the west should also be regarded as
a violent policy, replacing the external expansion of the central power with
the stability of the central power. In this way, Professor Wang expressed
regret that the historian not only confused the Arab expansion with the Tang
Dynasty’s policy of defending the West, but also specifically emphasized
the Tang Dynasty’s “violent policy”. Mr. Xue was even more indifferent and
described the history of the formation of the Chinese border as: “The map
of the Tang Dynasty includes the Pamir Mountains and the Amu Darya
River Basin in the west. It is a natural result of historical development.
This is not a single simple question, but a question of returning to historical
fairness.” The above is not only a distortion of the historical research on the
western region of the Tang Dynasty, but also a distortion of the historical
research on the formation of the Chinese border. “.
Dear readers, in order to expose China’s so-called “friendship” to cover
up its expansion intentions, I wrote an article about “1.5 million Kazakhs
integrating into Kazakhstan, or 9.5 million Kazakhs integrating into China?
See who integrates into whom”. “.
Nowadays, to please China has become a very special ethos. Since the
1990s, the pro-communist scholar Muhtarhan Orazbay has been working
hard to provide historical evidence for future land disputes of China. He
said that the Chinese poet Li Bai who lived in the Tang Dynasty (701-762)
was born in Suyab. The son of Alke Khan, the 9th generation descendant
of Dulat, made a sensation in Kazakh academic and journalism. Duken
Masimhan, an immigrant from China, introduced “Karluk Kemenger Ulge”
(760-Unknown) in the Two Thousand Years Wild Poetry compiled by
Kazakh Literatur and Abidmalik Nisanov. More specifically, M Orazbay
magazine: “Wolves more brutal than Russia! Listen! One day you will all
be wiped out, and our little brothers who have been deceived by you will
see the bright sunshine.”. Look, today, 48 years later, in order to realize
this academician’s crazy talk, the Chinese government has made the
On April 20, 2020, the article “Kazakhstan expects to return to China”
was published on Su Hu, a well-known Chinese media. Kazakh patriots
and enthusiastic youths expressed strong protest and demanded that the
government intervene and pursue responsibility. As we have mentioned
above, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan issued a letter of
protest to China. The Chinese side became even more intensified. On
October 7th of the same year, issued a provocative message of “When
will we incorporate Kazakhstan into China?”. “…in history, China has very
large land, and has lost a lot of territory for various reasons. Although
we regained part of the territory after the establishment of the communist
regime, there are still many lands that have not yet been returned. For
example, Vietnam, The Republic of Mongolia, the Republic of Tuba,
Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and the world’s largest landlocked country (273,000
square kilometers), the Republic of Kazakhstan, originally belonged to
China. Kazakhs know that they have Chinese descent, and there are
about 400,000 Li Bai’s Future generations look forward to returning to the
motherland with the land.”
Mr. Omirbek Baigeldy, the former Speaker of the Senate of Kazakhstan,
became popular in the media from 2007 to 2010. He vigorously promoted
“Li Bai is Elibay, the 9th generation descendant of the ancestor Dulat”,
and strongly supported the Chinese to say “Kazakhs dreaming to bring
land with them to join China”. In October 2009, a number of government
officials, writers, poets and representatives of the two countries held a
commendation meeting in Astana and awarded Mr. Omirbek Baigeldy
the title of “Special Contributor to Kazakhstan”. Although our nation’s
IQ and independent dignity have been so ravaged and trampled, it has
been more than 10 years since this sad and shameful farce has been
completely wiped out by history. However, we are fully aware that China’s
evil intentions have never changed in the slightest.
My fellow citizens, what should we do now? I think we should strengthen
propaganda, actively hold and participate in various international
theoretical and realization seminars, and fully expose various actions
and attempts from China that threaten our country’s independence and
territorial integrity. For this reason, whether to hold the 1270th anniversary
of the victory of the “Atlah-Talas” battle is a very realistic test for our nation
and our independent country.
In today’s situation, President Kasim-Zhomart Tokayev often talks
about it: “Independence is the most precious” is certainly not in vain. Here
I would like to reiterate: At present, the independence of our nation-state is
seriously threatened by internal and external factors. The critical moment
for strengthening vigilance and taking tough measures has come to us.
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айтылып тұр. Қытай тарихшьшары Амудариясын аталмыш Тәңрі
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жылы белгісіз. 756 жылы әйгілі Ән Лушан көтерілісінен кейін Таң
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“К истории Таласской битвы” деген еңбегінен мазмұндай берілді.
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қоғамдық ғылым басылымдары №4 2012 Уаң шө.
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